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躯体化症状如何产生?——躯体化的认知理论述评
作者: 李昌俊 郑涌 刘新丰
单位:西南大学心理学院,重庆北碚,400715
关键词: 躯体化 认知理论 不良表征
分类号:
出版年·卷·期(页码):2009·35·第 8 期(0-0)
摘要:
"躯体化"是指个体表现出症状,但找不到确切的生理病变的一种现象,又称为医学无法解释的症状(medical unexplained symptoms,MUS).他在世界各个地区、各种文化中都很普遍.初级保健中15%~30%的临床咨询属于MUS[1];约有四分之一的患者满足DSM-Ⅳ中"未分化的躯体形式障碍"的诊断标准[2].在病人呈现的最常见的症状中,只有10%~20%有明确的生理基础[3].国外对躯体化症状的鉴别、诊断与治疗还存在广泛的争论,国内关于躯体化症状的研究也还比较落后.本文的目的在于综述国外关于躯体化的认知理论,澄清躯体化症状是如何产生的这一问题.
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